Six Types of Love
In a written book titled Colors of Love (1973), J. A. Lee defined six types of relationship that could be labeled love.
Eros is intimate, passionate, love–what Tennov labeled limerence. In this sort of relationship, love is life’s many thing that is important. Lee said a look for real beauty or a perfect kind additionally typifies this kind of love.
Ludus is just a game-playing or love that is uncommitted. Lying is component associated with the game. An individual who pursues love that is ludic have numerous conquests but remains uncommitted.
Storge (STORE-gay) is really a sluggish developing, friendship-based love. Individuals with this kind of love choose to together participate in activities. Lee stated that storge leads to a term that is long by which intercourse may possibly not be extremely intense or passionate.
Pragma is a pragmatic, practical, mutually useful relationship. It might be notably unromantic and it is often referred to as “shopping list” love must be partner is chosen based on a number of characteristics or demands. Intercourse is going to be regarded as a technical matter, required for creating kids, if they’re desired.
Mania is definitely an obsessive or possessive love, jealous and extreme. An individual in love this real means probably will take action crazy or silly, such as for example stalking. The movie Fatal Attraction had been about any of it kind.
Agape (a-GOP-aye) is all-giving love, maybe not worried about the self, just with the partner, or with individuals compassion that is needing. It is known to be reasonably uncommon.
Hendrick and Hendrick (1986) unearthed that Lee’s typology ended up being sustained by questionnaire research in two studies with 1,807 and 567 participants, correspondingly. “Six love design scales emerged obviously from element analysis” in both studies.
Exactly exactly What six different sorts of love did J. A. Lee define?
Hendrick and Hendrick (1986) produced an appreciate personality Scale to identify the six kinds of love through questionnaire reactions. It absolutely was used in all of the research that is later Lee’s love kinds. Check out test questionnaire products:
- Eros: “My partner and I also have the best physical chemistry I believe that my wife and I had been designed for one another. Between us. ” “” “My partner fits my idea standard of real beauty/handsomeness. “
- Ludus: “we have actually often to help keep my partner from learning about other fans. ” “I’m able to conquer love affairs pretty effortlessly and quickly. ” “we enjoy playing the overall game of love with my partner and many other lovers. “
- Storge: “Our love may be the kind that is best as it expanded away from a long relationship. ” “Our love is truly a deep relationship, maybe perhaps not a mystical, mystical feeling. “
- Pragma: “a consideration that is main choosing my partner had been just just just how he or she would think about my children. ” “a key point in selecting my partner had been whether she or he will be a great moms and dad. ” “One consideration in selecting my partner ended up being just just how he/she would think on my job. “
- Mania: “When my partner doesn’t look closely at me personally, personally i think unwell all over. ” “if We suspect that my partner is by using some other person. Since we ahve held it’s place in love with my partner, we have had difficulty focusing on whatever else. ” “we cannot flake out”
- Agape: “I would personally instead suffer myself than allow my partner suffer. ” “we is not pleased unless we spot my partner’s pleasure before my very own. ” “I would personally endure things with asian tranny regard to my partner. “
Lee predicted males would endorse Ludus with greater regularity. Initially that appeared to be verified, as Hendrick, Slapion-Foote, and Foote (1985) stated that males had been prone to show the ludic form of love, while ladies had been prone to be storgic or pragmatic.
Nevertheless, Woll (1989) discovered that “the actual only real loving design which revealed clear sex distinctions had been Eros, by which men scored considerably more than females. ” Various other studies making use of no gender was found by the Love Attitude Scale distinctions.
Just exactly exactly What have researchers discovered, in learning Lee’s six forms of love?
Partners gladly married for more than three decades commonly identify because of the Eros category. This may seem counter-intuitive if one equates eros with intimate attraction just, or with limerence.
Nevertheless, the prefer personality Scale products for Eros emphasize passionate devotion more than intercourse. Possibly it is really not surprising that long-married, pleased partners would endorse statements like, “we have been intended for one another. “
A study of 500 pupils in 2 of my basic therapy classes revealed that the very first five kinds had been familiar to over 80% of this pupils from their relationships that are own individuals they knew. Nevertheless, not as much as 10percent of pupils knew an individual who indicated agape.
Which kind of love had been minimum familiar to students in a psychology class that is introductory?
Neto et al. (2000) reported cross-cultural research with the appreciate personality Scale. The authors hypothesized that “factors involving strong personal emotions, such as for example mania, eros, and agape, will be mainly without any cultural distinctions” while “factors involving strict social guidelines. Such as for instance pragma, storge, and ludus, would be influenced by cultural impacts. “
The authors surveyed 1,157 undergraduates, similarly split between women and men, at universities in Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, France, Macao, Mozambique, Portugal, and Switzerland. The outcomes supported their hypotheses.
Kinds of love involving strong individual emotions had been similar in most countries; “cross-cultural distinctions had been really moderate. ” Nonetheless, pertaining to Pragma and Storge, “cross-cultural differences had been considerable. “
Angolans, Brazilians, Cape Verdians, and Mozambicans were more pragmatic than swiss and french. The initial three of the national countries additionally produced more storgic responses than French or Swiss. “there have been few differences when considering genders. “
Gana, Saada, and Untas (2013) had been interested in learning which love designs might correlate with marital satisfaction. They learned 146 heterosexual partners. “the outcomes revealed that among the list of love designs, just Eros contributed to satisfaction that is marital both women and men. “